is a port city and the capital of Jizan Region, which lies in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and directly north of the border with Yemen. Jazan City is situated on the coast of the Red Sea and serves a large agricultural heartland . As the city is the capital of the region, it has the regional airport as well as Jizan seaport.
Jizan Province is like no other in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is indeed exceptional as much as it is an exception in several regards.
First of all, in a country where the stereotype landscape is an endless extent of sand dunes, Jizan is all about tall green mountains, deep blue sea, virgin islands, and pristine beaches. Jizan and Al-Bahah, the two smallest provinces in Saudi Arabia, are also the only two ones where no desert sand dunes can be found. Instead, Jizan Province has only low white sand dunes along its shore.
Then, in a country whose climate is so arid that despite its vast territory has no permanent river reaching the sea, Jizan Province benefits from the monsoon which gives two rainy seasons annually where most of the country has barely one. Thanks to these special climatic conditions and its geography, Jizan Province hosts green wadis, like the famous Wadi Lajab, and also several hot springs, like Bani Malik and Al-Khoubah, that are reputed for their therapeutic qualities. It is also famous for its high-quality production of tropical fruits like mango, figs, and papaya.
In Gizan, there are tens of archaeological sites of various cultural periods varying from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic, and from the early Islamic to the present century, in addition to a variety of petroglyphs, ancient inscriptions mining sites and antiquities of early Islamic period such as mosques, ports, castles and watch towers.