Taif is a city in western Saudi Arabia. It is in the Hejaz mountains near Mecca .
Taif is held by early Arab historian to be Madinah Jahliyah ‘ignorance’, pre Islamic city. Some early writers talked of its as a “pre-flood settlement” (the flood of Noah). The Biblical Amalekites and Thamud was the most notable. However, there are no observable signs of this distant past.
The city is the center of an agricultural area known for its grapes, pomegranate, figs, roses, and honey.
Taif is located less than 100 kilometers from Makkah but at 1800 meters of altitude, in a valley on the eastern side of the Hejaz mountains. The millennia old city lays at the crossroads of two of the most important historical roads of the Arabian Peninsula: the frankincense road that originated in Yemen more than 3000 years ago, and the pilgrimage road to Makkah whose Ka'aba was already a place of worshiping before the advent of Islam and which hosts today the largest pilgrimage in the world.
Taif is also a favorite summer destination for Saudis looking for the pleasant weather offered by the altitude while most of the Arabian Peninsula endures suffocating heat. For its cooler climate and fertile land the region earned its title of "Garden of the Hejaz” whose beauty can be admired in the Al-Hada natural reserve and the village of Ash-Shafa perched at 2200 above sea level. Taif's highest point, the Jebel Daka is even the fifth highest peak of Saudi Arabia.
Ta’if Regional Airport is located some 15-20 km north-east of the city.
Domestic flights are available to Abha, Dammam, Jazan, Jeddah, Medina, Nejran, Riyadh and Tabuk on Saudi.